Resource Use

Turkish DRS could increase recycling rates by 253 per cent, says report

The introduction of a deposit return scheme (DRS) in Turkey could increase drinks container recycling by 253 per cent, according to a new report from Eunomia Research and Consulting.

An image of a reverse vending machine

The report, commissioned by resource platform Reloop and Turkish technology company ISBAK, found that a DRS would divert 811,000 tonnes of beverage containers away from landfill each year. This would result in a reduction of 263,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions every year.

A DRS would also reduce littering by 85 per cent, preventing 33,000 tonnes of material entering the natural environment each year, according to Eunomia’s report.

The report claims that a DRS would bring environmental benefits worth ₺705 million (£96 million).

The Turkish Government has confirmed that it will introduce a DRS by 2021 as part of the country’s zero waste initiative, which aims to protect Turkey’s 8,000 kilometres of coastline by reducing marine and terrestrial litter.

Orla Woods, Eunomia’s DRS expert, said: “It is great to see more and more countries committed to improving beverage container recycling. Our experience has shown that well-designed DRSs are capable of achieving recycling rates in excess of 90 per cent, as well as reducing litter and providing an economic boost.

“If Turkey manages to achieve this, it is likely to significantly reduce the amount of litter found in rivers and entering the marine environment. This is a key benefit of a DRS in a country whose tourism thrives on its pristine beaches.

“We look forward to seeing the progress Turkey makes with a DRS.”

Clarissa Morawski from Reloop said: “While DRS is the perfect solution to reduce litter and recycle more in Turkey, it is also an important step on behalf of Turkey to mitigate climate change and improve the overall health and well-being of its citizens.”

DRS has been prominent in UK resources and waste news in recent times, with Scotland confirming the design of its DRS for drinks containers, with April 2021 currently set as a commencement date.

The proposed DRS will take the form of an ‘all in’ model, where a 20 pence deposit will be placed on all glass, metal and plastics single-use drinks containers between 50 millimetres and three litres in size, which can then be recouped when the containers are returned for recycling.

Although Scotland has forged ahead, the UK Government has announced that it plans to introduce a similar DRS in England and Wales by 2023.

You can read the full report on Turkey’s DRS on the Eunomia Research and Consulting website

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