Ford turns to tequila for resource inspiration
To make its tequila, Jose Cuervo takes agave plants, native to hot and arid regions of Mexico and the southern United States, that have grown for at least seven years, and harvests, roasts and grinds them down to extract juices that are then distilled. Some of the agave fibres remaining after this process are composted on the company farm or used by local artisans to make crafts or paper.
Through the company’s collaboration with Ford, however, it hopes to be able to use the fibrous by-product to make plastics that can be used in Ford cars.
Ford researchers are currently testing the durability and heat resistance of the agave-based bioplastic, which may be used in wiring harnesses, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) units and storage bins. The researchers say that so far the materials are showing promise.
According to the United Nations Environment Programme, around five billion metric tonnes of agricultural by-products, such as agave waste, are produced every year. These materials can be used as low-cost alternatives to glass fibres or talc to create more sustainable lightweight products, but are often underutilised.
By producing plastics from agave fibres, Ford says that it could reduce the weight of its cars, which would in turn increase their fuel economy. At the same time, using more sustainable materials would decrease the company’s reliance on petrochemicals and its environmental impact.
Increasing the sustainability of car manufacturing
Ford has been conducting research into sustainable materials since 2000 and already uses several bio-based materials in its vehicles including:
- post-consumer cotton from denim and t-shirts used as interior padding and sound insulation;
- rice hulls used to reinforce plastic in electrical harnesses; and
- EcoLon, a post-consumer nylon carpet used in cylinder head covers.
Other bio-based materials used by Ford include those based on soy foam, castor oil, wheat straw, kenaf fibre, cellulose, wood, coconut fibre and the company is in the process of testing more from sources including algae, tomato peel and carbon dioxide.
Developing ‘innovative, earth-conscious materials’
Commenting on the partnership, Debbie Mielewski, Senior Technical Leader at Ford’s Sustainability Research department, said: “There are about 400 pounds of plastic on a typical car. Our job is to find the right place for a green composite like this to help our impact on the planet. It is work that I’m really proud of, and it could have broad impact across numerous industries.”
Sonia Espinola, Director of Heritage for Cuervo Foundation and Master Tequilera, said: “Jose Cuervo is proud to be working with Ford to further develop our agave sustainability plan. We could never have imagined the hundreds of agave plants we were cultivating as a small family business would eventually multiply to millions. This collaboration brings two great companies together to develop innovative, earth-conscious materials.”